Table 1. Priority Activities, Products, and Information for the GCOOS and Their Societal Benefits.
The IOOS societal goals addressed by each benefit are identified by number matching the list above.
Activities (sub-systems) Products and Information Societal benefits (uses)
HF Radar System Surface wave spectra Boating safety 5
Prediction of beach erosion 4, 7
Surf and beach conditions 3, 4
Surface current fields Search and rescue 3
Efficient marine transportation 5
Conditions for offshore operations 4, 5
Pollutant spill tracking 2, 3, 4
3-D Ocean Circulation Model Climatology Design of structures 3, 4, 5
Assessment of climate variability 1
Now- and forecasts of surface currents Protection of offshore structures and personnel 3, 4
Ship routing, fishing, recreational boating 3, 5
Search and rescue 3
Pollutant spill tracking 2, 3, 4
Forecasting HABs movement 2, 3
Now- and forecasts of subsurface currents Design and protection of offshore structures 3, 4
Forecasting HABs movement 2, 3
Tracking of particulates (e.g., fish larvae, sediment) 2, 3, 4
Temperature distributions Search and rescue 3
Use in wild and farmed living resources 2
Salinity distributions Use in wild and farmed living resources 2
Predicting hypoxia 2, 3, 4
HAB Observing System Detection and forecasting of HAB movement Protection of farmed living resources 2, 3
Protection of human and animal health 3
Beach and water conditions Protection of human health 3
Hypoxia Monitoring System Occurrence, size, and severity of low oxygen Management of conditions responsible 2
Improved fishing 2
Autonomous Met. Measurements Improved estimates of wind conditions Safe offshore working conditions 3, 4
Improve safety for boating and fishing 3
Improved hurricane forecasts Reduce loss of property and lives 2, 3, 4, 5, 7
Operations Center with Data Portal Enhanced knowledge of GCOOS Observations Use by information providers 1-7
Reliable data quality 1-7
Open ability to assess data and products Use by information providers and users 1-7
Implement IOOS DMAC standards Standardized formats and protocols Improved data management and interoperability 1-7
Water Level Observing System Improved water levels in navigable areas Enhance safety/efficiency of transportation/boating 3, 5, 6
Prediction and measures of inundation Enhanced resiliency to and mitigation of effects of inundation 2-7
Use in wild and farmed living resources 2
Increase/Enhanced PORTS Measures of marine meteorological and ocean conditions in major ports Enhance safety and efficiency of marine transport 5
Now- and forecasts on currents and water level Enhance safety and efficiency of marine transport 5
Advanced, deep ocean station Environmental monitoring of ocean and atmosphere Detecting long-term variability 1
Tests of technology Advanced measurement capability for the IOOS 1-7

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